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Monday, March 15, 2010

Alco, A Railroad Town after Cherokees

Superintendant's HomeAlco, Georgia

The Cherokees of northwestern Georgia left there in 1833-1834. Originally, all of the territory lying north of the Chattahoochee River, and reaching to the Tennessee line was the aboriginal home of the Cherokee tribe. Unlike the Creek Nation, they were not driven out by bayonets. Many stayed behind and continued plowing their Georgia homes. This is verified in the Dawes Rolls, where relatives in Georgia, Tennessee and North Carolina, having as much as 1/32nd Indian blood, applied for free lands in Oklahoma. Each application described an ancestor. The Cherokees were fondly attached to their native soil, and when they were conducted into Indian Territory in 1834, many perished on the highways from exposure, deprivation and heart-break. A scotchman by the name of Pettit married a squaw near Alco, Georgia (Bartow County), and their home was still visible during the 1860's. The Western & Atlantic Railroad runs along the eastern limit of this region. The home pictured was the railroad superintendent's home in 1901. Also nearby was a six-room cottage and some other buildings. Six room cottage in Alco, Georgia
6-room cottage in Alco, Georgia.This cottage was pictured in the Atlanta Journal on June 10, 1901 as being part of the community of Alco, which sprang up as a result of the railroad. A mill was nearby.

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