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Wednesday, February 10, 2010

Georgia's Days of Woe

If your ancestors came to Georgia with General James Edward Oglethorpe or after 1752 (when the English Charter was surrendered and Georgia became its own colony), they would have been in Savannah, Ebenezer, Darien of St. Simons Island. The target research is colonial records plus Chatham, McIntosh, Liberty and Glynn County records. The early McIntosh County records did not survive, nor Glynn County records before 1800. But Chatham and Liberty County records are intact. A smart beginning is to research all the colonial records, starting with Candler's Colonial Records of Georgia (all books) where the very first settlers were listed in various notations and complaints; also the first land grants. It provides detailed descriptions of the first land grants, births, baptisms, deaths, political figures, etc. Also, extensive biographical sketches of the first colonials as well as a follow-up on what happened to the passengers of The Ann which landed in February of 1733. My detailed research into Georgia's earliest settlers has been exhausted. The circumstances of settlement is found in colonial letters and manuscripts. The first days were indeed days of woe. Because of their industry, the first residents of Ebenezer settled by Germans faired much better than those in Savannah. The first colonists were screened by the trustees and had to agree to be industrious and permanent. The drought of 1738 caused many persons to run away to Charles Towne, therefore, their names are discovered in the old letters. However, by 1742 many had returned.

COLONIAL GEORGIANS by Jeannette Holland Austin, 462 pp. (2005) is available to members of Georgia Pioneers

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