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Tuesday, December 6, 2016

Origins of Early Settlers to Effingham Co. #genealogy #history #georgiapioneers

Origins of Some of the Early Settlers to Effingham County

Tortola IslandThomas Wylly was born in Tortola in 1762, an island located in the British Virgin Islands. This is the small island which was noticed by Christopher Columbus when he was in the Virgin Islands in behalf of Spain. The Spanish made several attempts to settle the islands, but pirates such as Blackbeard and Captain Kidd were actually the first permanent residents. During the 16th century when the Dutch lost control of the area, the British established a permanent plantation colony on Tortola and the surrounding islands. Settlers then developed large plantations for the sugar cane industry. His parents died and he was transported to the Georgia colony while still a young boy by his uncle. This explains his rank promotions during the Revolutionary War. He joined the 4th Georgia Battalion and was appointed Second Lieutenant. Later was made Deputy Quarter Master under his uncle Richard Wylly who raised him. He fought in the Battles of Medway as Church and Briar Creek and was on the outskirts when the British seiged Savannah. He saw General Screven of the Georgia Militia killed and Captain Strouder as well. He acted as a spy for General Moultrie. Ironically, after the Revolutionary War, Tortola was a destination for Loyalists who escaped from being hanged. Passenger Lists of other emigrants to Ebenezer are available to members of Georgia Pioneers 

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Monday, December 5, 2016

Wesleyan College: First Female College in Georgia #history #genealogy #georgiapioneers

The First Female College in Georgia 

Wesleyan Female CollegeIn 1836, the citizens of Georgia began its campaign to educate their young women. The newspapers carried articles of protest that women remained ignorant for a want of an education. So it was, that after much to do about the education of young women, on 23 December 1836, the Georgia Female College was chartered. It opened its doors on 7 January 1839, with 90 young women enrolled. The course of study was liberal arts and sciences, including philosophy, astronomy, botany, chemistry, physiology, geology, history and ancient modern languages. The first class was graduated in 1840, its first graduate being Miss Catherine Elizabeth Brewer. When the Georgia Conference of the Methodist Church assumed responsibility in 1843, it was renamed as Wesleyan Female College. In 1917 the word "female" was eliminated from its title. Wesleyan was the birthplace of the first two Greek societies for the Adelphean Society in 1851 (now Alpha Delta Pi) and the Philomathean Society in 1852 (now Phi Mu). 
Lizzie Smith Clements


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Sunday, December 4, 2016

Images of Bibb Co. GA WIlls, Estates, Marriages #genealogy #georgiapioneers

Bibb County Probate Records and Genealogy


Macon, Georgia
Bibb County was created on Dec. 9, 1822 from portions of Jones, Monroe, Twiggs and Houston Counties. It was named for Dr. William Bibb, who was the first elected governor of Alabama. Dr. Bibb lived in Elbert County, and served in the U.S. House of Representatives in the U.S. Senate. He was appointed governor of the Territory of Alabama in 1816 and became the first elected governor of that state. In 1823 Macon was incorporated; named after Senator Nathaniel Macon of North Carolina. Researchers in Bibb County should also research the Jones County Records.

Bibb County Genealogy and Probate Records available to members of Georgia Pioneers

Abstracts of Wills
  • Wills 1823-1855
  • Wills 1851-1864
Digital Images of Wills 1823 to 1840
Testators: Asbury, Jonathan; Beall, Robert Augustus; Burnett, John; Burton, Robert ;Chambless, Henry; Church, Redman; Crockett, David ;Cutland, Redden; Daniel, William; Darragh, Archibald; Dixon, Thomas ;Fluker, Baldwin; Fort, Robert; Godfrey, Francis; Harrell, Hardy ;Howard, John; Huff, Edward; Jemison, Henry ;Jeter, Andrew; Johnston, William; King, John; Lamar, Benjamin; Lanier, John; Napier, Thomas; Nixon, William; Owens, Benjamin; Rogers, William ;Sapp, Henry; Scott, John ;Sigueux, Peter ;Smith, Henry ;Smith, James ;Summerlin, Sarah ;Tharp, John; Victory, Thomas ;Weed, Joseph ;Wells, Nicholas ;Williams, John; Williams, John D.

Digital Images of Bibb County Wills 1851 to 1865
Testators: Alexander, Elam;Allen, David;Bailey, James;Bailey, John;Ballard, C. M.;Blackshear, Albert;Blake, Eleanor;Bond, Joel;Bond, Joseph; Bonds, Penelope;Brewer, Edward Ebenezer;Brown, Turner;Busbee, W. R.;Boren, Alfred;Bowman, John;Brown, Eliza;Campbell, Watson; Carey, Martha Ann;Castlen, John;Champion, Elizabeth;Colbert, Frederick;Coleman, Robert;Collins, Charles;Collins, Robert; Collins, William; Cray, Mary; Damour, James;Daniel, Clarissa; Dean, William;Dempsey, Dermot;Dillard, Colin;Dillard, Olive; Eaves, John;Ernest, Asa;Evans, Rufus;Farrell, John;Feagin, Robert;Franklin, Marcus;Freerman, Robert;Gamble, William;Gilbert, Edward;Gorman, Thomas;Grierson, George;Griffin, James W.;Griffin, Larkin; Graybill, Midas;Groce, Margaret; Hazlehurst, Robert;Hughes, Frances;Huguenin, Edward, Colonel; Huguenin, Edward;Huguenin, Julia;Hunter, George R.;Irwin, John; Johns, Isaac;Johnson, Henry;Johnson, William J.;Jordan, Absalom; Kearney, Arthur;Kelly, Francis;Kelly, Julia;Kenedy, Nancy; Kilpatrick, William;Kunz, John Michael;Lamar, John;Lamar, John B.;Leslie, Ann;Lunsford, Priscilla;Malden, Caleb;Malone, Cherry; Massey, William;Mathews, Martha;May, Benjamin;McCall, Eleazer; McEver, Robert;McGuire, Martha;McMichael, John;Mitchell, Alexander;Munroe, Nathan;Newsom, Henry;Newsom, Henry (2);Norman, Sarah;Parker, Burwell;Peterson, John;Powers, Abner Parrott; Powers, Julia;Pye, Andrew;Raines, Cadwell;Ramsey, Mary;Rea, James;Reynolds, S. O.;Roach, Patrick;Ross, William A.;Shad, Elias;Simmons, Mary;Sims, Susan;Smith, James;Stevens, Elijah; Stevens, Simon;Stotesbury, Louisa;Stotesbury, Robert;Stubbs. James;Stubbs, Peter;Sullivan, John;Summerlin, Elison;Tharp, Elizabeth;Thomas, Merrel;Thomas, Micajah;Thomas, S. L.;Thomas, William;Thompson, Charles;Towns, George W.;Usher, Sarah;Wakeman, James;Ward, E. B.;Watts, Adelaide;Weed, Henry;White, Joseph; Wiley, Ann;Wiley, John B.;Wood, Lewis;Woolfolk, Thomas;Yearty, Thomas

Indexes to Probate Records
  • Wills and Estates (1823-1855)
  • Wills and Estates (1851-1871)
  • Wills and Estates (1870, 1891, 1914)
  • Wills and Estates (1891-1907)
  • Annual Returns (1823-1844)
  • Annual Returns (1843-1851)
  • Annual Returns (1851-1854)
Marriages
  • Marriage Book A 1831-1839
  • Marriages from newspapers 1885-1886
Maps
  • 1846 county map
  • 1855 county map
  • 1864 county map
  • Map of Macon, founded 1823. Bibb County.
  • Map of Macon, South from the Public Reserve. Bibb County
Miscellaneous Will Images
  • Calhoun, Elbert Estate
  • Chambliss, Christopher Estate
  • Chambliss, Henry Estate
  • Edmonds Estate
  • Gilbert, Edmund, LWT (1858)
  • Jemison, Robert W., minor
  • Johns, C. P. H. Estate
  • Lamar, Mrs. Mary Louisa Lamar, admx for estate of John Lamar, deceased
  • Lamar, John Estate
  • McLeod, Roderick Estate
  • Moore, J. G. Estate
  • Odum Orphans
Books
  • Bibb Notes by Jeannette Holland Austin
  • Memoirs of Georgia

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Saturday, December 3, 2016

Where to Find Lunacy and Orphans Records #genealogy #georgiapioneers

Where to Find Lunacy and Orphans Records

Five years after Georgia lawmakers authorized an asylum for lunatic, idiots and epileptic Georgians, the facility opened. During those years, Milledgeville was an agricultural town of cotton producing farms and plantations. The first patient was Tillman B. of Bibb County who was incarcerated in December of 1842 but who died the next summer of "maniacal exhaustion." The facility housed 13,000 patients during its peak years until it was the largest insane asylum in the world. During its years of operation, doctors performed lobotomies, insulin shock and electroshock therapy. Children were confined inside of metal cages while adults were forced to take steam baths and cold showers, confined in straitjackets, and treated with douches or "nauseants." It was the social experimental product of its times. In 1959, a reporter for the the Atlanta Constitution investigated reports of a "snake pit." The discovery revealed that thousands of patients were served by only 48 doctors, none of whom were psychiatrists. He also reported that certain of the doctors had been hired off the mental wards. Yes, the patients were helping to run the asylum. The series rocked the state. Asylum staff were fired, and Mr. Nelson won a Pulitzer prize. The state, which had ignored decades of pleas from hospital superintendents, began to provide additional funding. However, during the mid-1960s when new psychiatric drugs allowed patients to move within less restrictive settings, the population began to decline. Governors Carl Sanders and Jimmy Carter both commenced emptying Central State, instead, sending mental patients to regional hospitals and community clinics, and people with developmental disabilities to small group homes. This did not work. Today, mental patients have become the scum of the earth, dosing on all manner of dangerous drugs and living on the streets in Georgia. Owing to the fact that the records are secret, the genealogist might begin a tedious search for information. I shall tell you where to search. Newspapers published information concerning orphans and lunatics taken off the street and placed in the institution as well as the news of the court hearing. Hearings were heard in the court and the notice appeared on the court calendar. Georgia Pioneers has scanned many old newspapers and added the information to a database. Members, click on Lunatics. While searching, peruse the neighborhood columns, society pages, and even front pages, as the article could appear anywhere throughout the newspaper. 

morgue
Morgue drawers sealed with iron doors once held the corpses of patients in the basement of the Jones Building. Today the building is collapsing from the top down, and falling debris covers the morgue floor. 

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Friday, December 2, 2016

James Lester of Milledgeville #genealogy #georgiapioneers

James Lester

James Lester GraveJames Lester was a Revolutionary War Soldier who served in the Georgia Troops; also a Soldier of the War of 1812. He was listed among the early pioneers and settlers to Newberry County, South Carolina (Newberry County SC History and Genealogy by Summer, p. 4). "Early pioneers and settlers were Scotch-Irish, Irish, German, mingled with English and French in a smaller degree; southwest of the Town of Prosperity were such pioneers as Archibald Boyd from Pennsylvania, James Leter, Samuel McQueens, Nathan Hunter and others." Lester ultimately settled in Baldwin County and was buried in the Lester Famiy Cemetery 8 miles North of Milledgeville on Hwy 24 in a field on the left side of the road. 

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Thursday, December 1, 2016

Images of Baldwin Co. GA Wills, Estates, Genealogy #georgiapioneers

Baldwin County Marriages, Wills, Estates, Newspapers, Land Lotteries


MilledgevilleBaldwin County was created in in 1803 by Creek cessions of June 1802. Three years later, the land was distributed by the 1805 Georgia Land Lottery. After the second lottery (1807),five new counties were created from parts of Baldwin and Wilkinson Counties: Morgan, Randolph (later Jasper), Jones, Putnam, Telfair. In 1806, 1807, 1856 and 1872 portions of Wilkinson County were added; in 1807 portions of Hancock and in 1807, 1812 and 1826 portions of Washington; with some of Jones County added in 1856. The court house burned in 1861. The county was named after Abraham Baldwin; Milledgeville was named after George's first governor, John Milledge. 

Records Available to Members of Georgia Pioneers 

Baldwin County Wills
  • Will Book A 1806-1829 (abstracts)
  • Wills 1829-1854 (abstracts)
Marriages
  • Marriage Book A 1806-1820
  • Marriages 1806-1851
  • Marriages from newspapers 1885-1886
Indexes to Probate Records
  • Will Book B 1829-1868
  • Will Book C 1868-1936
  • Annual Returns, Book A 1813-1820
  • Baldwin County Annual Returns, Book B 1820-1824
  • Annual Returns, Book C 1824-1831
  • Annual Returns, Book D 1831-1842
  • Baldwin County Annual Returns, Book E 1839-1856
Digitized Records
  • 1819 County Order Book; applicants of Widows of late war, orphans of Britton and Indians, Revolutionary War Officers and soldiers and persons who served in the Seminole War.
  • 1820 Land Lottery (Those who were eligable to draw) (digital images)
  • 1820 Tax Digest
  • 1820 Baldwin County Land Lottery
Memoirs of Georgia
  • Baldwin County Residents (Memoirs of Georgia)
Images of Newspapers
  • The Southern Recorder 1826 to 1829
  • List of Letters published July 13, 1828 

  • Tons of Genealogy Records to Help you Find your Georgia Ancestors

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    Wednesday, November 30, 2016

    The War with Mexico #genealogy #history #georgiapioneers

    The War with Mexico 

    Neuces River. William J. Harper who spent his childhood in Walton County, served as a Private in the Mexican War under Captain John W. Cole, Col. G, Regiment of Louisiana Volunteers. Harper enlisted while he was residing in Monroe, Louisiana in New Orleans, the Quachita Parish during August of 1847. After the annexation of Texas by the United States and Mexico became a Repubic, war broke out in 1846. Only two years earlier, James K. Polk, the newly-elected president, made a proposition to the Mexican government to purchase the disputed lands between the Nueces River and the Rio Grande. When that offer was rejected, troops from the United States commanded by Major General Zachary Taylor were moved into the disputed territory of Coahuila. These troops were then attacked by Mexican troops, killing 12 American troops and taking 52 prisoners. Afterwards, the Mexican troops later laid siege to a United States fort along the Rio Grande River, a conflict which resulted in the loss of the northern territory in Mexico. The United States quickly occupied Santa Fe de Nuevo Mexico and Alta California Territory, then invaded parts of Northeastern Mexico and Northwest Mexico. Meanwhile, Major General Winfield Scott captured the capital Mexico City and marched from the port of Veracruz. The 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the war with the Mexican Cession of the territories of Alta California and Santa Fe de Nuevo Mexico to the United States while the United States agreed to pay $15 million to pay the physical damage of war and assumed the debt owed by the Mexican government to citizens of the United States. Mexico conceded the loss of Texas and the Rio Grande became a national border with the United States. At the onset of the War Between the States (1862), Harper volunteered at Carthage, Mississippi and knew service in Company B, 40th Regiment of Mississippi Volunteers.

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    Tuesday, November 29, 2016

    Images of Walton Co. GA Wills, Estates, Marriages #genealogy #georgiapioneers

    Walton County Wills, Estates, Marriages

    Walton County Court HouseWalton County was formed in 1818 from some of the first Creek lands distributed. The county seat is Monroe. The early will books did not survive. However, some wills were included in the estate records as follows.

    Walton County Records Available to Members of Georgia Pioneers 

    Images of Walton County Wills and Estates 1819-1839
    Testators: Acock, Jonathan;Baget, Allen;Blair, Andrew;Browning, William; Burgess, Elijah;Cobb, John;Flynt, William; Cobb, Jones, Thomas;Martin, George;Matthews, Robert Moore, Richard;Parson, John;Scales, Thomas;Shepherd, Orlando; Spears, Joseph G.;Thornton, Dred;Turman, George;Thurman, Martin; Twitty, Peter;Wayne, Thomas;Williams, Nathaniel
    Marriages
    • Walton County Marriages from Newspapers 1885-1886.
    Miscellaneous Will & Estates
    • Camp, Abner, LWT, transcript.
    • Malcom, David, division of estate, transcript (1835).
    • Malcom, George W., LWT, transcript (1855).
    • Malcom, John Sr., LWT, transcript (1862).
    • Malcom, Margaret R., LWT, transcript (1859).
    • Millsaps, Livinia, LWT, image (1851).
    Discover when and where your relatives graduated from Georgia Schools. See GA Graduates and Photos 

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